Bacterial Vaginosis is three times more common to be found in infertile women than fertile women. Bacterial Vaginosis, and other infections in general, can cause decreased fertility in a number of ways:
- increasing inflammation and immune system activity, making a toxic environment for reproduction.
- causing damage to sperm and vaginal cells.
- interfering with the production of healthy cervical mucus during ovulation.
- blocking the Fallopian Tubes through scar tissue damage from infections, so that sperm and egg can’t meet.
Bacterial Vaginosis is also associated with a two-fold increase in risk of preclinical pregnancy loss, sometimes called a chemical pregnancy, following IVF. Bacterial Vaginosis is also associated with increased rates of human papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV infection. For women with Bacterial Vaginosis present during pregnancy, there may be an increased risk of miscarriages, preterm birth, and low birth weight complications for the newborn, as well as postpartum infections.